Emsher Island, in the Rhur region of Germany was at one time home to coal and steel industries, and one of the biggest producers of these materials in Europe. But as the economical landscape changed, and these industries lost importance, the region fell apart and had been mostly lost to terrible pollution anyway.
The government of the Rhur region created an initiative called IBA or Industrial Building Exhibition which undertook to revitalize and restore the area. This project is now one of the largest renaturation projects in the world. To coinside with this renaturation and restoration, EMSCHERKUNST.2010, a very large scale public art project, will take place on the island that stretches out for 34 km between the Emscher River and the Rhine-Herne Canal.
More info here .
7 hours ago